“Renovation’s wave” in European integration: increasing buildings’ energy performance

The Commission published a recommendation for the member states on tackling energy efficiency in construction and renovation; construction has been the most active sector in the member states’ development: more than 220 million buildings, i.e. about 85 percent of the EU’s “building stock”, were constructed during the last two decades. They will be mostly still […]

Labour movement in European integration: facing modern challenges

The labour market and trade unions in the EU as a whole and in the member states shall be seen as most important parts in the EU’s doctrine of growth based on “social market economy”, which is a different facet of traditional “capitalism”. Although the covid-pandemic has challenged and jeopardized the implementation of the ambitious […]

European integration: additional and extensive efforts after a “special summit”

The European Council, which took place during first two October days, has had a “special status” due to several extensive measures to forward regional integration. All of the steps needed approval of the EU-27 member states’ leaders: e.g. ten “projects” have acquired the status of the EU’s socio-economic importance, aimed to contribute to recovery and […]

European external trade: managing customs

In the European political guidelines, custom issues have been always a cornerstone of the single market: customs performed several vital functions, such as providing sufficient revenues for the EU budget, keeping the states’ businesses and citizens safe and protected from prohibited, dangerous goods and environmentally harmful products, as well as facilitating the EU trade with […]

Additional measures for clean and safer cars in Europe: challenges for motor-industry

The EU’s ambitious goal to region’s zero-emission by 2050 requires a fundamental reduction of all sorts of pollution and harmful emissions. Present reform is an integral part of the Commission’s work for a clean, sustainable and competitive car sector. While complementing the EU institutions’ work towards cleaner and safer mobility, present measures are a part […]

VAT in Europe: vital component in econometric integration’s analysis

The annual ‘VAT Gap’ measures the effectiveness of VAT enforcement and compliance measures in the European states. It provides an estimate of revenue loss due to fraud and evasion, tax avoidance, bankruptcies and financial insolvencies. The VAT Gap is an important financial indicator as it shows the states’ contribution to both the EU and the […]

Teaching sustainability: cross-sectoral and holistic approaches

Five years ago, at the SDGs’ inception, the stakes and optimism were high: world leaders thought that the simple adoption of almost perfect sustainable goals and actions would lead to successful national policies. However, as it always happens, the developmental realities appeared to be rather different. The article is showing some challenges facing education policies […]

Boosting digital economy and technologies: new initiatives

Drafting optimal perspectives in digital society and economy issues are able to enhance national recovery and resilience plans. While preparing these plans for the Commission’s adoption (drafts shall be ready this fall and final versions next April) the states have to include numerous digital transitions’ aspects. To assist the states, the Commission issued (in mid-September […]

Strategic planning in the European integration: Commission’s complex approach

Perspectives in the European integration have been always in minds of EU’s governance; presently, the “future” -called strategic foresight – is being formulated in seemingly plain words, i.e. towards a more resilient Europe. The latter is approached through four main directions: socio-economic, geopolitical, green and digital. However, European integration’s political economy – more than ever […]

“Post-covid’s” political economy: facing inevitable changes

Most complicated for central and local governance in the EU states are the issues of the so-called “new normal” and changing economy’s patterns: i.e. already visible and those only slightly seen in the transitional post-pandemic period. Shortly, these changes could be formulated in a fundamental line of changes – drafting new national political economy structures […]